In recent years financial institutions (FIs) have been subject to dramatic increases in fines for regulatory violations imposed by an ever-growing array of authorities.
As such, FIs need to be prepared to be scrutinized by the regulators in every country and region in which they have a presence. The most stringent compliance demands are occurring in the US, from the twin prongs of both federal and state regulators. The UK has been the second largest collector of fines. In addition, FIs are attempting to keep track of the intersections between political and regulatory risks – for example, trade sanctions in Russia and China, where regulation often shifts
into high gear for geo-political reasons. This is engendering an environment in which all players in financial services, from the largest (countries) to the smallest (individual customers of FIs) are finding themselves under increased scrutiny.
However, FIs should ensure that they are not looking at financial crime from a solely regulatory perspective. With the rise of online and mobile transactions, FIs have sizable new challenges in preventing fraud and theft targeted at both themselves and their customers. The automation, anonymization and dissemination of information technology have opened the door to large numbers of potential fraudsters. This leads both to high-frequency low-cost losses, and to low-frequency but high-cost losses. FIs are facing a new breed of criminal who is familiar with their systems and structures, and can exploit them at multiple points. Meanwhile, financial crime risk management (FCRM) solutions are still largely rules-based and constructed around data silos.
The market for financial crime risk management solutions includes:
- Anti-money laundering (AML)
- Know-your-customer (KYC)
- Sanctions and watch-list monitoring
- Counter fraud (first and third party)
- Trade surveillance
These disciplines, at varying stages of maturity, are often integrated into specific risk management functions such as compliance, operational risk, credit risk, reputational risk and conduct risk.
Institutions should decide whether to:
- Patch the holes in their financial crime risk management systems using point solutions; or
- Invest in a more integrated enterprise financial crime risk management platform.
Financial crime risk management systems require transparency: Regulators are no longer satisfied with black box solutions for financial crime risk management. They want to see evidence that the systems actually work, can be demonstrated and explained, and can prove they don’t discriminate based on demographics or other prohibited factors. Model risk management and model governance are an important part of these requirements for greater transparency.
Customer-focused FCRM solutions can provide business value: Increased confidence in their financial crime risk management systems has allowed FIs to raise limits while reducing false positives. They can invest in their customers with a greater degree of trust, and in turn generate more confidence from both their customers and investors.
Additional sources of information and intelligence are proving their worth: Multi-layered security, fraud and AML defenses such as geolocation, open source intelligence (OSINT) and social network analysis are providing new sources of information for building comprehensive views of customers and counterparties.
The building of holistic views and proactive financial crime risk management is key: Advanced analytics can be used to unify insight from across multiple sources, in order to build multidimensional views of customers and counterparties. These will allow FIs to take proactive steps to manage their financial crime risk, and potentially stop financial crimes before they occur.
With integration of risk and compliance becoming more important, FIs are looking to align their FCRM systems. The costs of breaking silos and data cleansing are proving prohibitive for most FIs. Many, especially the largest, with the most complex legacy systems, are using middleware, alignment, overlays and data abstraction layers to ameliorate costs and complexity.
This report uses Chartis’s RiskTech Quadrants® to explain the vendor landscape. The RiskTech Quadrant® uses a comprehensive methodology of in-depth independent research and a clear scoring system to explain which technology solutions meet an organization’s needs.
This report covers the leading vendors offering FCRM solutions and focuses on the key capabilities and strengths of Oracle as a category leader.